Russian military theorists see tactical nuclear weapons as a critical step between conventional war and an all-out nuclear exchange.
Despite nominal neutrality and pacifist branding, Sweden is one of the world’s largest arms exporters. The country’s defense industry is seeking to…
The first six months of Bismarck Brief have been a great success! I and the whole team at Bismarck Analysis have been overwhelmed by the amount of…
The Wallenbergs are both the benefactors and beneficiaries of Sweden’s political economy. Five generations in, they demonstrate the viability of…
Despite an appetite for reform and a grand vision for French and European power, the French president has struggled to build a political base that could…
The Scandinavian countries have selectively opted out of European and trans-Atlantic integration. A shared cultural identity and desire for autonomy…
Vincent Bolloré turned a sleepy family business into a media empire at home and a logistics empire in Africa. He now faces trial and his African…
French leaders built the country into a global nuclear powerhouse to bolster French sovereignty. After years of stagnation, Emmanuel Macron plans to…
French military procurement has institutionally outperformed its Western allies. With defense budgets poised to expand, France is well-positioned to…
The Kochs financed an intellectual landscape to legitimize their political ideology, but deploying it in electoral politics has created unintended…
For decades, George Soros has implemented and shared a unique philosophy. But left without an aligned successor, his empire will be subsumed by more…
Development of drones both large and small has outpaced institutional adoption across militaries. Battlefield successes will pressure an update to a…